LED 5mm orange sh 4 pcs #611


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A **5mm orange LED (Light-Emitting Diode)** is an electronic component that emits orange light when an electric current is applied to it. Here are some key details about a 5mm orange LED:

1. **Size:** The “5mm” in the name refers to the diameter of the LED, which is 5 millimeters. This is a standard size for LEDs and is easy to work with in various electronic projects.

2. **Color:** The LED emits orange light, which falls within the visible light spectrum and is commonly used for indicators, displays, and decorative lighting.

3. **Forward Voltage (Vf):** To operate the LED, you need to provide it with a specific forward voltage (Vf). For an orange LED, the forward voltage typically ranges from around 1.8 to 2.2 volts, but the exact value can vary depending on the specific LED.

4. **Forward Current (If):** Like all LEDs, an orange 5mm LED requires a forward current (If) to emit light. The forward current for a 5mm orange LED typically falls in the range of 10 to 20 milliamperes (mA).

5. **Polarity:** LEDs are polarized, which means they have a positive (anode) and a negative (cathode) lead. To make the LED emit light, you must connect it to a voltage source with the correct polarity. The longer lead is the positive (anode) lead, and the shorter one is the negative (cathode) lead.

6. **Brightness:** The brightness of an LED is determined by factors such as the forward current and the efficiency of the LED. Brightness is often measured in millicandela (mcd) or lumens.

7. **Applications:** 5mm orange LEDs are used in a wide range of applications, including indicator lights, displays, signage, lighting effects, DIY projects, and more. They are often used in electronics to indicate the status of a device or convey information to the user.

8. **Longevity:** LEDs are known for their long lifespan, often lasting tens of thousands of hours. They are energy-efficient and generate very little heat.

When using a 5mm orange LED in a project, it’s important to check its datasheet or specifications to determine the exact forward voltage and forward current values for that specific LED. This information will help you choose the appropriate resistors and power supply to operate the LED correctly. Additionally, be mindful of the LED’s polarity to ensure it emits light as intended.


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